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Old 05-19-2010, 03:33 PM
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RickI RickI is offline
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Default Wreck of the SS Sapona, Bimini, Bahamas In Photos

A look at the wreck of the SS Sapona off South Bimini in the Bahamas

The SS Sapona was originally constructed as a ferrocement Liberty ship at the end of WWI. was used for rum running during Prohibition. She was blown aground on the flats south of Bimini in a hurricane in the 1920's. It was used for bombing and strafing practice during WWII. Missing Flight 19 of Avengers from Ft. Lauderdale, Fl vanished after a bombing run here. Ian Fleming even used it as the hiding spot for atomic bombs in his novel "Thunderball." The movie altered the venue to something more romantic in the Exumas.

Floating in the hold on an Aqueon, easily accessed through bomb perforated sides of the ship

This is what has to say about it:

"S. S. Sapona
The S. S. Sapona was a cargo steamer built by the Liberty Ship Building Company in Wilmington, North Carolina and launched in January, 1920. She is the sister ship of the Cape Fear.

The Sapona was purchased by Carl G. Fisher in Miami Beach, Florida. Fisher traded the ship's engine and machinery to a dredging company in exchange for dredge work and the ship itself was used for oil storage.

In April of 1924, the Sapona was sold to rum runner, Bruce Bethel, in the Bahamas. He towed the ship near Bimini where she was used as a floating warehouse for rum and whiskey during Prohibition. Bethel also planned to use the ship as a night club.

In 1926, the Sapona ran aground on a reef during a hurricane and the stern of the ship broke off from the rest of the ship. Bethel's liquor stocks were also destroyed and he died penniless in 1950."

Lots of debris on the bottom around the wreck.

The Fleming classic and basis for the movies "Thunderball" and "Never Say Never." Lots of lore tangled in the wreck of the Sapona. Folks even find munitions around the wreck in the sand at times.

There are still more details about the Sapona's colorful past in "Run the Rum In: South Florida During Prohibition" By Sally J. Ling. Portions of the text can be viewed on

More about the novel swimming device, the Aqueon at:

Climbed up the side of this thing to dive off the bow in the 1970's. Time and corrosion are taking a toll. It is still standing, for now.

Flight 19 in better days. More at:

Beneath decks, above the water. Have your hard hat?

The Sapona is slightly more intact condition, still grounded but in the 1930's.

Note the before, images above and below, and after condition. The vessel has some construction similarities to a sidewalk. It has held together remarkable well considering the major trauma of being blasted by bombs and machine gun rounds, ripped by many hurricanes and attacked for almost 90 years by corrosion and chloride contamination. Don't make em like this anymore I suspect. It was made when there were critical steel shortages near the end of WWI. I recall a sister ship is grounded off New Jersey. When I first dove and climbed all over her at 16, there was more to the vessel, particularly the stern. Time has pulled mass away from the wreck.

Her stern still broken off but with deck housings and appurtenances intact unlike today.
Photos from Broward County Historical Commission

If you have a chance to visit the Sapona, do so. It is a fun dive and someday it might decide to move on, into the past.

FKA, Inc.

transcribed by:
Rick Iossi

Last edited by RickI; 05-19-2010 at 04:41 PM.
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